Topic: Human population Growth and Economic Creation
‘Poverty is not caused by overpopulation, overpopulation is caused by poverty'
Bangladesh is one of the poor countries with one of the top population worldwide. Is the region poor due to huge number of people or the low income itself 's behind the overpopulation? To answer this problem, I have checked out the overall advancement condition and population of the world and attempted to find the missing links between the two. First I actually presented some facts about universe population and demography. I then analyzed the Malthusian and Marxist thoughts about population. My spouse and i talked about the current views that considered populace growth as the main reason in back of poverty. I quickly discussed my arguments regarding those watch and mentioned how inhabitants growth is not the principal cause of low standard of living, gross inequalities or limited freedom choice that characterize much of the developing world. I attempted to find the main reasons behind the impoverishment from the poor countries and how individuals lead to overpopulation.
Human race has been around since around 2 billion yrs ago. Agricultural Trend took place about 10, 000 years ago when folks used to search and gather food. During that time the predicted world human population was about some million. The people started to grow significantly after the agricultural wave. However , the most dramatic populace growth took place after the Professional Revolution in 1750s. The earth population was approaching one particular billion persons and was increasing by more than two million every year. This dramatic population growth is termed population huge increase because within just less than three hundred years the quantity of people mushroomed to more than 6 billion dollars whereas prior to this, community population grew very slowly for countless years. As of this very second, nearly several billion people are sharing this kind of planet. Simply by 2050, the citizenry is anticipated to reach 9 billion. The world population is extremely unevenly distributed by geographic location, fertility and mortality amounts and grow older structure. Right here we also have to consider the term demographic transition: transition via high beginning and fatality rates to low birth and loss of life rates.
Most of the developing countries happen to be in stage two and the developed countries in stage three. So in the growing countries, though death rate has dropped significantly due to improvement in medicine and health care, male fertility rate is still high. Therefore population growth is maximum in the developing and poor countries.
Now the question is why labor and birth rates are so high in the developing countries? In 1798, Thomas Malthus proposed a theory that determines the relationship between inhabitants growth and economic development. According to him, the indegent countries will be poor due to population progress. Eliminate the population problem and the problem of poverty will be solved on its own. To eliminate the extra people, positive and preventive checks are essential. Positive investigations are starvation, natural unfortunate occurances, war and so forth which according to him is a good method to get rid of the unnecessary people who find themselves burden for the society. Preventative checks would be only meaning restrain since birth regulates were considered as sins according to the Catholic Church. Malthus has not been aware of the technological progress that would occur and thus this individual came up with the theory that meals production will not be able to keep up with the population growth. Thus the perfect solution was to eliminate the poor people. Karl Marx observed the Malthusian point of view since an attaque against humankind. Marx precise the fact that with technological progress, there is more production. So capital would be elevating too. Yet , the couple of capitalist who own all the methods exploit poor people workers and maintain them poor. So lower income is the response to a inadequately organized capitalist society where there is no the same distribution of wealth. In the Marxist standpoint,...
References: Todaro, Michael P. and Cruz, Stephen C. (2009). Economic Development. Ninth Edition. Addison-Wesley.
Weeks, T. R. (2012). Population: An Introduction to Principles and Issues. 11th release. California: Wadsworth Publishing.